2017 China's Year in Review

Editor:AT0086| Resource:China Daily

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2017: China's year in review

Forum charts blueprint for B&R Initiative

The First Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing in May. As the highest-level meeting of its kind since the Belt and Road Initiative was proposed in 2013, the event attracted heads of state and government of 29 countries and representatives from 70 international organizations and 130 countries.

At the forum, leaders pledged to build an open economy within the framework of the B&R Initiative and a list of more than 270 outcomes was formulated.

The initiative, comprising an overland Silk Road Economic Belt and a 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, envisions reviving and enhancing the ancient Silk Road trade routes to create infrastructure, trade and people-to-people links between Asia, Europe and Africa.

Party congress heralds new era

The twice-a-decade National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in October, laying out the blueprint for the country's development over the next five years and beyond.

In the report delivered at the 19th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping said the principal contradiction facing China has evolved, as socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.

The principal contradiction the country now faces is one between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. Previously, the principal contradiction was described as being between the ever-growing material and cultural needs of the people and backward social production.

In the report, the CPC has also drawn up a two-stage development plan for the period from 2020 to the middle of the 21st century to transform China into a great, modern socialist country.

20 years since Hong Kong returned to motherland

July 1 marked the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to China and the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

President Xi visited Hong Kong for celebrations and attended the inauguration of the fifth-term government of the HKSAR.

Xi reviewed the success of the "one country, two systems" principle — which allows Hong Kong to retain its capitalist system after the return — saying it offers a new way of thinking and a new formula for the international community in addressing similar issues.

First homemade aircraft carrier launched

China's first domestically developed aircraft carrier was launched in April. The ship is the largest and most sophisticated surface vessel China has ever built. It is expected to be commissioned in 2020, when it will become the flagship of China's naval vessels.

Currently, the People's Liberation Army Navy operates a sole aircraft carrier, Liaoning, originally a Soviet-era vessel and refitted in China.

New arteries connect nation's east and west

China's high-speed rail network, the world's largest, has seen several important lines open this year, as well as the introduction of new-generation bullet trains.

In July, a high-speed railway linking Baoji in northwestern Shaanxi province with Lanzhou, capital of neighboring Gansu province, was put into operation. The new route connects Northwest China to the national high-speed rail network.

In December, the first high-speed line to pass through the Qinling Mountains — the dividing line between China's south and north — went into operation, connecting the two historic cities of Xi'an and Chengdu.

Moreover, China's new generation bullet train Fuxing (rejuvenation), over which China has complete intellectual property rights, started running between Beijing and Shanghai in July.

Tianzhou-1 paves road for space station

China launched its first cargo spacecraft in April on a mission to test technology designed for the nation's planned manned space station.

The Tianzhou-1, China's first cargo spacecraft, docked with the orbiting Tiangong-2 space lab to supply fuel and other items. The mission allowed scientists to test in-orbit resupply technology, essential to running a manned space station.

In the future, the Tianzhou series will be tasked with transporting supplies of fuel and other necessities to China's manned space station, construction of which is set to begin next year.

With all the achievements China has made this year, we are confident the country will meet the target of building a moderately prosperous country by 2020 and move on to become a great modern socialist country by the middle of the 21st century. With that in mind, let's say goodbye to 2017 and get ready to embrace the new year.

Made-in-China large passenger jet takes off

China's first domestically produced large passenger plane, the C919, completed its maiden flight in May, marking a crucial step for the nation to become a force in global aviation by building its own aircraft with homemade engines.

The twin-engine C919 is for short and medium-haul flights. It has high aerodynamic efficiency, low operation and maintenance costs, low fuel consumption and low engine noise.


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