Landmark Buildings of 34 Provincial Capitals in China (Ⅱ)


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Fujian-Fuzhou: White Pagoda
The town's symbol, the 41m high, seven-story White Pagoda at the western foot of the hill, was built in 904 as a wooden-clad brick building; however, it burned down in 1534 after being struck by lightning. It was rebuilt in brick in 1548. Behind it stands a temple built in the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) on the foundations of a Buddhist temple dating from 905. Today it houses a library. The temple to the east was built in 1918 in honor of General Qi Jiguang, who had fought against Japanese pirates in 1562.

Jiangxi-Nanchang: Tengwang Pavilion
Tengwang Pavilion has long been ranked first among the three famous pavilions in the south of Yangtze River. Standing by the North Fuhe Avenue in Nanchang, the magnificent pavilion is located at the convergent point of Ganjiang River and the old Fu River. Its splendor and majesty was lauded by Wang Bo, the leader of the four excellences in early Tang Dynasty, in one of his masterpieces, Preface to Tengwang Pavilion, and thus has been famous throughout the world as well as maintained the glory with the years going.
Shandong-Jinan: Quancheng Square
Embraced by mountain, spring, river and city, Quancheng Square is the central square of the capital city of Shandong Province, Jinan. Looking around, you can have a look at the old city in the north, see Baotu Spring spurting or flowing slowly in the west, look into distance at the verdant Thousand Buddha Mountain stretching along in the south, and look ahead the Liberation Pavilion fresh and elegant as a picture in the east.
Henan-Zhengzhou: Erqi Memorial Tower
The Erqi Memorial Tower, situated in the Erqi Square in downtown Zhengzhou of Henan Province, was built on September 29, 1971, to commemorate the setting up of Workers' Union of Beijing-Hankou Railway as well as the whole-line Communist-led strike of rail workers held at Zhengzhou Pule Park (today's Erqi Memorial Hall) on February 7, 1923. The tower looks solemn and imposing, which has been one of Zhengzhou's historical spots.
Hubei-Wuhan: Yellow Crane Tower
The Yellow Crane Tower in Wuhan was originally built during the Three Kingdoms Period for military purposes. It was destroyed and rebuilt many times in successive dynasties. The present tower consists of a five-storey building with a height of 50.4 meters. Murals, statues of great poets, poems, and paintings decorate the interior of the tower. Taking in the view from the top of the grand tower, one can enjoy the beauty of Wuhan City as well as the remarkable Yangtze River passing by.
Hunan-Changsha: Yuelu Academy
Yuelu Academy is the most ancient academy in China. It was established in the ninth year of Kaibao Period of North Song (976 AD). In 1015, it was famous for its study atmosphere and obliged the name by Emperor Zhenzong. From then on, it became one of the four academies in China. Walking through Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasties, it was changed to be Hunan University in 1926, with a history of more than one thousand years. The school running history from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University reflects the variance of China's education system and is a reduction of the history of China's education development.
Guangdong-Guangzhou: CITIC Plaza
CITIC Plaza is a skyscraper built in Tianhe District, Guangzhou. Its structural height is 391 m, 80 stories including two tall antenna-like spires on the top. Completed in 1997, it is the tallest concrete building in the world. Currently, it ranks as the fourth tallest building in China, seventh in Asia, and eighth worldwide. It is surrounded by other tall buildings and is a symbol of Guangzhou's growing wealth and importance.
Guangxi-Nanning: International Convention and Exhibition Center
With a total building area of 99,122 m2, the Nanning International Convention and Exhibition Center features the magnificent architecture, and has an arch, on top of multifunctional hall, being shaped like a large hibiscus blooming on the top of the Green Mountain. The spectacular design is a symbol of Nanning’s confidence in the future and a token of Nanning’s opening to the outside world, while the 12-sided polygon arch symbolizes the twelve nationalities in Guangxi. With its enchanting shape, modern facilities and complete functions, the Center is deemed to become Nanning’s symbolic building.
Hainan-Haikou: Century Bridge
Haikou Century Bridge is a bridge in Haikou City, the capital city of Hainan Province. The bridge was built to link the main part of Haikou city to Haidian Island, a district separated from Hainan Island by the Nandu Jiang River. The project was started in 1998 and was opened to traffic on August 1, 2003. Haikou Century Bridge is the largest bridge on Hainan Island spanning 2,683 meters in length and 29.8 meters in width.
Chongqing: Jiefangbei
Jiefangbei stands in the most prosperous downtown section of Chongqing. Jiefangbei, or the People’ s Liberation Monument, formerly known as the Monument of Victory in the War of Resistance (locally usually called the "Anti Japanese war"), is a 27.5 meter high’s structure. It is the center of the city marked as Chongqing’s commercial heart. It is isolated by broad and paved pedestrian square and glassy office buildings.
Sichuan-Chengdu: Lang Bridge
In 2002, a three-hole Lang Bridge of Ming and Qing Dynasty style was built at the lower reaches of Hejiangting. It was also named Anshun Lang Bridge. It looks similar to the ancient Anshun Lang Bridge destroyed by flood in 1947. It is said that Marco Polo once visited the ancient bridge which was one of four most impressive bridges on Marco Polo’s mind. Nowadays, it is not only a bridge, but also the embodiment of history. Now Anshun Lang Bridge becomes a landscape where people can enjoy foods, sightseeing and leisure life.
Guizhou-Guiyang: Jiaxiu Temple
A landmark of Guiyang is Jiaxiu Tower, also called the First Scholar's Tower. It is situated on Fuyu Bridge over the Nanming River. Originally built in 1598 in the Ming times, the tower is magnificent and unique, and of great cultural significance in Guiyang. As a cultural as well as a historical relic, Jiaxiu Tower houses the authentic works and paintings of many ancient calligraphers'. Nowadays, most visitors are attracted to this tower to see the exhibitions of the calligraphy pieces, woodcrafts and stone tablets inscribed with poems.

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